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From left to right: Imran Khan, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Shahbaz Sharif
Voting begins at 8am, with a total of 371,388 army personnel deployed at 85,000 polling stations as a precautionary security measure.
Election 101: Everything you need to know about casting your vote
Polling ends at 6pm, after which polling staff will begin the vote count. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has requested the media not to air unofficial results before 7pm (PST).
The government has declared July 25 a public holiday in an effort to encourage maximum voter participation.
Follow all live updates on Dawn's election blog
Apparatus handed over to polling staff
A day earlier, presiding officers collected polling apparatus — including ballot boxes and other voting material — from ECP's distribution centres across Pakistan in the presence of police and army personnel.
Election officials wait outside a distribution centre to collect ballot boxes and voting materials in Karachi. — AFP
The material was then transported to polling stations amid strict security.
Voters lists were put up at polling stations as well as the code of conduct for election day.
In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, police have arranged surveillance vehicles equipped with live video streaming cameras.
The specially prepared surveillance vehicles will have four cameras each installed on them which will be able to detect a human body from a mile's distance.
Curtain falls on campaigns
PTI, PML-N confident of victory
Election campaigns came to a close on Monday night — as directed by the ECP — with PML-N and PTI leadership rounding off their campaigns by predicting victory for themselves.
(TOP left) PPP chairman Bilawal Bhutto addressing a public gathering at Ratodero. (Bottom left) PML-N president Shahbaz Sharif gestures during an election gathering in DG Khan. (Right) PTI chief Imran Khan waves to supporters at a rally in Lahore.—APP / White Star / AP
On the last day of canvassing, PTI chief Imran Khan addressed four meetings in Lahore, PML-N president Shahbaz Sharif concluded his party's election campaign by holding a public meeting in Dera Ghazi Khan. PPP chairman Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari addressed people in Shahdatkot, Garhi Khairi, Jacobabad, Shikarpur and Garhi Yasin before going to the graves of former prime ministers Benazir Bhutto and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
"Despite all odds PML-N is winning the July 25 polls. We will form the government at the Centre and in Punjab as our victory is certain," said Sharif addressing the crowd in D.G. Khan. He urged the people to vote for his party to "free Nawaz Sharif and Maryam Nawaz from jail".
Khan addressed rallies at strategic points in Lahore to prop up his party's chances. One of his rallies was organised in the constituency from where he himself is a contestant, facing a big challenge from tough-talking PML-N's Khawaja Saad Rafique. "This is the time to change your destiny. You must come out to vote on July 25. You must bring others out to vote on the day," he thundered.
Questions raised about 'free and fair' elections
The general election has been criticised by some quarters for not being "free and fair".
A soldier stands guard as an election official carries election materials at a distribution centre in Islamabad. ─AFP
Questions have been raised over the role of the armed forces in the polling process; restrictions being placed on the media; participation of banned groups; NAB pressure on election candidates as well as the detention of political workers in the run-up to the polls.
Days ahead of the polls, former Senate chairman and PPP stalwart Raza Rabbani hit out at the ECP's "criminal silence" over perceived irregularities in the run-up to the polls, warning of "dire consequences" for the government if the elections are "engineered".
A public opinion survey conducted by the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) and the Herald magazine shows that the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) enjoys a slim lead at the national level over the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N).
Polling official carries election material as a soldier escorts her in Lahore. —AFP
This lead of 4 percentage points is outside the survey's national margin of error – + 1.3 percentage points.
The Herald-SDPI survey finds that 14 per cent of the respondents in Punjab remain undecided. It is this group of voters that will clearly determine the final result of the 2018 election.
This finding is consistent with the polls conducted by Gallup and Pulse Consultants during May 2018 which also show that undecided voters hold the election in Punjab in the balance.
Polling day dos and don'ts
Your checklist for the day
Be mindful that your vote will be deemed invalid and your visit to the polling station would be a waste, if your ballot paper is:
missing the official code mark or assistant presiding officer's signature
missing the ECP's watermark
missing the official nine-matrix seal
has a paper or anything else attached to it
has stamps on more than one candidate's election symbols
appears equally in more than one candidates' boxes
Once you've stamped your ballot papers, make sure the ink is dry before folding the ballot paper correctly. You will be told how to fold the ballot paper.