By Agence France-Presse
The US 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit said a member, who was not named, may have gone overboard Thursday morning.
Aircraft on board the USS Essex are searching waters off the Sulu Sea and the Surigao Strait while multiple searches are also being made inside the ship itself, the unit said.
The ship was conducting "routine operations in the Sulu Sea" at the time, the California based unit said in the statement, which was posted on its social media sites.
"We remain committed to searching for and finding our marine," the statement quoted its commander, Colonel Chandler Nelms as saying.
"All of our sailors, marines and available assets aboard the USS Essex have been and will continue to be involved in this incredibly important search and rescue operation," added the search commander, US Navy Captain Gerald Olin.
In Manila, Philippine authorities said on Saturday they authorised US ships and aircraft to enter Philippine territory to join in the search, while dispatching their own military search aircraft.
"A US marine fell from a US ship while traversing Philippine waters. We allowed the entry of rescue ships and aircraft," Defence Secretary Delfin Lorenzana told reporters.
"As of now there has been no update on whether the marine has been recovered," Lorenzana added.
The US Marines said an expanded search covering about 3,000 square nautical miles (10,290 square kilometres) was underway.
Sulu Sea sprawls over the central and southern sections of the Asian archipelago, a US military ally.
Surigao Strait is at least 300 kilometres (186 miles) away, off the country's eastern seaboard.
The US statement did not explain why the two separate locations were being searched.