By Agence France-Presse
Major US indices ended sharply lower, with the Nasdaq sagging 3.0 percent amid weakness in Apple, Facebook and other prominent technology names.
The declines came after a weekend Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit showcased conflict between the United States and China and as fresh US housing data showed a drop in homebuilder sentiment in November. Analysts said low trading volumes at the start of a holiday-shortened week may have exacerbated the market swing.
"The move is explained by tech stocks in general," said Sam Stovall of CFRA Research. "It seems that there is a reevaluation of high-flying growth stocks in general."
The pullback follows a blowout third-quarter earnings period. Companies in the S&P 500 are on track to earn 25.7 percent higher third-quarter profits, according to FactSet. However, many analysts expect earnings growth to slow, in part because the one-time earnings jump from US tax cuts will be gone.
Many analysts also expect US growth to moderate. A Goldman Sachs forecast released Monday said a US recession was not expected but it predicted US growth would slow from a recent pace of 3.5 percent to roughly 1.75 percent by the end of 2019.
European stock markets also retreated, with analysts pointing to uncertainty surrounding the Brexit talks between Britain and the European Union and ongoing friction between Italy and Brussels.
Bad day for Renault
In Paris, Renault was in the spotlight. Long-term partner Nissan said it would ask its board to remove Ghosn as chairman after an inquiry uncovered "significant acts of misconduct" that included reporting less than he was earning in Japan and using company assets for personal purposes.
Renault's share price plunged 12 percent at one point before recovering some lost ground to close down more than eight percent at 59.06 euros in Paris.
Speaking on the sidelines of a eurozone finance ministers' meeting in Brussels, French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said the government would "do everything as a shareholder represented on Renault's board to ensure operational continuity and stable governance at Renault."
France owns a 15 percent stake in Renault.
Bitcoin meanwhile had another bad day, falling below the key $5,000 level for the first time since October 2017 as a broad selloff gathered steam on the opaque cryptocurrency market.
The still-nascent sector is not completely transparent and analysts have struggled to understand what precisely prompted the latest drop.
At least some of it has been attributed to a battle for control of a smaller crypto operator called Bitcoin Cash.
Key figures around 2200 GMT
New York - Dow: DOWN 1.6 percent at 25,017.44 (close)
New York - S&P 500: DOWN 1.7 percent at 2,690.73 (close)
New York - Nasdaq: DOWN 3.0 percent at 7,028.48 (close)
London - FTSE 100: DOWN 0.2 percent at 7,000.89 (close)
Frankfurt - DAX 30: DOWN 0.9 percent at 11,224.54 (close)
Paris - CAC 40: DOWN 0.8 percent at 4,985.45 (close)
EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 0.6 percent at 3,160.33 (close)
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: UP 0.7 percent at 21,821.16 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng: UP 0.7 percent at 26,372.00 (close)
Shanghai - Composite: UP 0.9 percent at 2,703.51 (close)
Euro/dollar: UP at $1.1452 from $1.1415
Pound/dollar: UP at $1.2850 from $1.2834
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 112.54 yen from 112.83 yen
Oil - Brent Crude: DOWN 67 cents at $66.79 per barrel
Oil - West Texas Intermediate: UP 30 cents at $56.76 per barrel