By Somluck Srimalee
The drop was mainly related to conditions in the petrochemical and refining businesses, as well as the oil business from higher stock loss in the second quarter of this year. That followed a lowering of the crude oil price from US$67.2 per barrel at the end of the first quarter of this year to $64.9 per barrel at the end of the second quarter.
Additionally, most petroleum crack spreads and petrochemical spreads, both olefins and aromatics, decreased in the second quarter. Nevertheless, performance of the gas business group increased when compared with the last quarter, mainly from PTT’s natural gas sales and marketing businesses (S&M) and the gas separation plant (GSP) business following higher sales volumes. Also contributing was the performance of petroleum exploration and production business, which improved with the rise in both average sales volumes and selling prices.
As well, the performance of technology and engineering businesses increased mainly from the better performance of Global Power Synergy Plc (GPSC) from the full recognition of Glow Energy Plc (GLOW)’s performance in the second quarter of this year.
In this quarter, PTT and its subsidiaries incurred additional compensation from the new Labour Protection Act for its affiliates. In this regard, net income in the second quarter of this year was Bt25.93 billion, an 11.5 per cent or Bt3.37 billion decrease from the first quarter of this year’s Bt29.31 billion in line with the drop in EBITDA as aforementioned. In the meantime, depreciation and amortisation of technology and engineering businesses, and income tax expenses of petroleum exploration and production business also rose.
In addition, there were higher gains on derivatives from PTT Exploration and Production Plc (PTTEP), PTT International Trading Pte Ltd (PTTT) and affiliates in petrochemical and refining businesses, as well as higher unrealised gains on foreign exchange rates from foreign currency loans due to higher Baht appreciation when compared to the previous quarter.
In the First half of 2019, PTT and its subsidiaries reported EBITDA of Bt154.32 billion, a 19.1 per cent drop of Bt36.48 billion – or 19.1 per cent from the first half of 2018 of Bt190.81 billion. This was primarily due to the softened performance of petrochemical and refining businesses from the decline of most petroleum crack spreads, especially gasoline spreads, as well as lower stock gains that resulted from the rise in the crude oil price in the first half of 2018 compared to the first half of 2019.
Olefin and aromatic spreads also decreased. Likewise, the gas business group recorded softened performance due to lower gross profit of PTT’s GSP business following lower selling prices referenced to a significant drop in petrochemical prices and higher natural gas costs. Nevertheless, the recurring profit improved from the performance of petroleum exploration and production businesses, which increased from the rise in average sales volume and selling prices, as well as, in technology and engineering businesses’ performance, mainly from GPSC’s acquisition of GLOW in March 2019.
In the first half of this year, PTT and its subsidiaries recorded higher selling and administrative expenses. In this regard, net income in the first half of this year was Bt55.25 billion, a Bt14.56-billion drop, down 20.9 per cent from the same period of last year of Bt69.81 billion. This was in line with the decline of EBITDA as aforementioned and higher depreciation and amortisation expenses from PTTEP and GPSC.
Nonetheless, there were lower income tax expenses following decreased net incomes, a loss on derivatives, as well as higher foreign exchange rate gains. Those gains were due to the appreciation of the Thai Baht against the US Dollar in the first half of 2019 when compared with the depreciation of the Thai Baht in the first half of last year, according to the company reports to the Stock Exchange of Thailand on Wednesday.