Tuesday, September 22, 2020

Economic slowdown leads to strict control on bank loans

Aug 10. 2019
Tharit Panpiamrat
Tharit Panpiamrat
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By The Nation

The Bank of Thailand has reported that data from commercial banks in the second quarter has revealed a spike in overdue debts, and that SME loans are on the rise and have the potential of becoming non-performing loans (NPLs).

Tharit Panpiamrat, senior vice president of the central bank’s risk assessment and analysis department, said data from commercial banks indicates that “special mention” status given to loans with payments overdue for less than 90 days stood at 2.74 per cent, compared to 2.56 per cent in the previous quarter.

“There’s also a rise across all categories of loans,” he said. “For instance, business loans have jumped from 2.35 to 2.53 per cent, large business loans have risen from 1.71 to 1.97 per cent, while SME loans have moved up from 3.05 to 3.11 per cent.”

Consumer loans have also risen from 3.05 to 3.23 per cent.

A closer look at each category has revealed increases in several key sectors, namely automotive from 6.90 to 7.30 per cent, property from 1.67 to 1.78 per cent, credit cards from 1.80 to 1.91 per cent, and personal loans from 2.26 to 2.31 per cent.

Tharit said the two factors behind overdue debts being given an SM status are a deceleration in the economy and a stricter classification of clients by commercial banks.

“Banks are now more careful about granting loans to small borrowers,” he said. “Some banks may have stricter criteria than others, in classify SM status in order to keep close monitoring on some even though they still have no history of overdue payments.”

Despite the rise in special-mention status given to loans, NPLs have hovered at 2.95 per cent, roughly the same level as 2.94 per cent in the previous quarter. However, in monetary terms the Bt450.6-billion worth of NPLs have dropped by Bt3.3 billion from the last quarter thanks to debt restructuring among financial institutes. “NPLs can, however, go up if the economy continues to decelerate, especially among the SMEs,” Tharit said.

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