By Syndication Washington Post, Bloomberg · Anya Andrianova, Ilya Arkhipov · BUSINESS, WORLD, EUROPE
"The pandemonium with futures is absolutely speculative, just a trading issue," Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters Tuesday, referring to negative prices on some U.S. futures contracts. "There's no need to give this an apocalyptic tinge."
As Peskov was talking, Brent crude, which is used to price Russia's Urals export blend, fell to its lowest level since 2002 and the ruble plunged. The blow to budget revenues comes just as officials in the world's biggest energy exporter were trying to figure out how to stimulate an economy battered by the fallout from coronavirus without eroding reserves.
Russia gets nearly 40% of its budget revenue from taxes on oil and gas sales and the Finance Ministry is already rewriting this year's budget to factor in a deficit and average prices of $20 a barrel. The Kremlin is monitoring the market closely and the state has enough resources to cushion the blow, Peskov said.
"If this continues for longer then the budget will get drastically less in revenue, limiting its resources," said Alexandra Suslina, a budget specialist at the Economic Expert Group, a Moscow think tank that advises the government.
The ruble tumbled 2% Tuesday, more than any other major currency, and Russian borrowing costs jumped, with 10-year government bonds heading for their biggest one-day drop this month. Current ruble levels aren't sustainable if oil remains here, analysts at Deutsche Bank including Christian Wietoska wrote in a research note published Tuesday.
Russia has some of the biggest foreign-currency reserves in the world, but concern about the long-term trajectory of oil prices has made policymakers cautious about spending to limit the fallout from the coronavirus. The economy could slump 5.5% this year, double the global drop, the International Monetary Fund forecast last week.
Scott Johnson of Bloomberg Economics said: "Whether the Urals price is negative or even $20 a barrel, it's well below levels Russia can tolerate. Fiscal reserves can fill temporary budget holes, but the government is in a tight spot as it looks to fund a much-needed rescue of the economy."
Urals crude, the key price benchmark for the budget, hasn't fallen into negative territory like its U.S. counterpart, according to price-reporting agency S&P Global Platts. But it did fall below $11 early this month, the lowest level since 1999, when Russia was struggling with an economic crisis, according to data from Argus Media, another pricing agency.
With prices near $20 a barrel, the budget will burn through about $26 billion (2 trillion) from the $165 billion wealth fund this year, according to Finance Minister Anton Siluanov. The Finance Ministry may increase borrowing to fund stimulus.
"This should be viewed as a temporary shock for now and Russia shouldn't tighten the budget," said Natalia Orlova, chief economist at Alfa-Bank in Moscow. "The economy is contracting and tightening the budget now would only intensify the scale of the decline."