By Agence France-Presse
The strong gusts ripped sheeting from rooftops, toppled trucks on bridges and swept a tanker anchored in Osaka bay into a nearby bridge running to the Kansai International Airport.
High waves whipped up by the storm also flooded parts of the seaside airport, where all flights were cancelled, and the severe weather caused power outages and travel chaos across much of the country.
Typhoon Jebi made landfall around noon local time, slamming into the west of the country packing winds of up to 216 kilometres (135 miles) per hour.
The fast-moving storm quickly crossed the country, and by nightfall was on the verge of leaving land and heading out to sea from Ishikawa in central Japan.
Local media reported two deaths in the storm, including a 71-year-old man killed in western Shiga prefecture after being trapped under a warehouse that collapsed in strong wind.
This handout image released by the Western Nippon Expressway company on September 4, 2018 and received via Jiji Press shows a tanker ship (R) that had smashed into a bridge connecting the city of Izumisano with Kansai airport, with the top part of the ship knocking away a part of the bridge, as Typhoon Jebi made landfall around midday in southwestern Japan. with a bridge connected to the Kansai International airport caused by typhoon Jebi's strong wind in Izumisano city, Osaka prefecture on September 4, 2018. // AFP PHOTO
Public broadcaster NHK said 97 people had been injured across the storm's path, none of them seriously.
In Osaka, television footage showed a large tanker that smashed into the bridge connecting the city of Izumisano with Kansai airport, with the top part of the ship knocking away a part of the bridge. There were no reports of injuries.
The airport was closed after runways and parts of its basement were flooded by high waves, a transport ministry official confirmed.
NHK also showed footage of a 100-metre (328-feet) tall ferris wheel in Osaka turning furiously in the strong wind despite being switched off.
"I'm surprised that the switched-off ferris wheel began to move with the strong wind. I've never seen such a thing," a 19-year-old boy at the scene told the public broadcaster.
Elsewhere, the winds whipped away part of the ceiling from Kyoto station and peeled off multi-storey scaffolding attached to a building in Osaka.
- Evacuations urged -
Local media said more than a million households were left without power by the storm, and evacuation advisories were issued for nearly 1.2 million people, though only another 16,000 were under stronger -- though still not mandatory -- evacuation orders.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had urged people to evacuate early and ordered his government to take all necessary measures to protect residents, after the weather agency warned of landslides, flooding and violent winds, as well as high tides, lightning and tornadoes.
"I urge the Japanese people to take action to protect your lives, including preparing and evacuating early," he said.
Damage from loose construction scaffolding due to weather patterns from Typhoon Jebi is seen in Osaka on September 4, 2018, as the typhoon made landfall around midday in southwestern Japan. // AFP PHOTO
Arriving on land, Jebi had winds of up to 162 kilometres (100 miles) per hour at its centre, making it a "very strong" typhoon, the weather agency's chief forecaster Ryuta Kurora told AFP.
"This is (the strongest) since 1993."
Local media warned that the wind was strong enough to topple traditional-style wooden houses as well as power poles, and urged people in affected areas to avoid non-essential travel.
Primary and middle schools in the storm's path were closed while regional businesses also reacted quickly, with Universal Studios Japan in Osaka shutting down for Tuesday along with factories for several large manufacturers.
Nearly 800 flights were cancelled, including several international flights departing and arriving at Nagoya and Osaka, along with ferries, local train services and some bullet train lines.
A pedestrian struggles against strong winds and rain generated by typhoon Jebi near Osaka station in Osaka, western Japan, 04 September 2018. // EPA-EFE PHOTO
Jebi has a similar trajectory to Typhoon Cimaron which made landfall on August 23, disrupting transport but causing limited damage and few injuries.
Japan is regularly struck by major storms during the summer and autumn.
The country has been sweating through a record deadly heatwave that followed devastating rain in parts of central and western Japan that killed over 200 people.
The sustained rain caused widespread flooding and landslides in July, devastating entire villages and forcing thousands from their homes.
The flooding and landslides proved so deadly in part because many people did not heed evacuation warnings, which are not mandatory.
Since the disaster, authorities have urged people to take the warnings more seriously and prepare to leave home immediately they are issued.