Sunday, January 19, 2020

Low-carbon farming the ‘NAMA’ way

Jul 08. 2019
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By Jirapan Boonnoon
The Nation

More than 300 farmers gathered in a rice field in Suphan Buri province’s Baan Hua Mai Sung community rice centre to gain more experience and knowledge in earth-friendly farming practices during the Thai Rice NAMA Project’s kickoff event.

Speaking at the opening ceremony, Doojduan Sasanavin, Deputy Permanent Secretary of the Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives stressed that improved farming practices can ease the impact of climate change on the farming sector.

“The joint project aims to work with 100,000 local rice farmer households in six provinces, namely Chai Nat, Ang Thong, Pathum Thani, Sing Buri, Ayutthaya and Suphan Buri to enable the shift towards low-carbon rice farming,” she said.

Farmers can cover switching costs through an interest-free loan from the project’s revolving fund which is administered by the Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC).

The project is expected to reduce 1.73 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.

“As a result, farmers will be able to enjoy higher crop yields and reduced farming costs,” Doojduan said.

The flooded rice paddies are known to be one of the major contributors to climate change by releasing vast amounts of methane emissions, which have a global warming potential 28 times higher than carbon dioxide. 

With climate change a major threat worldwide, German Ambassador to Thailand Georg Schmidt places emphasis on close cooperation to promote the concept of sustainability among the people.

“When it comes to climate change, we are all in the same boat. Its adverse implications affect people around the world. Farmers are often among the first ones concerned,” he said.

“But at the same time, they can make a meaningful contribution to tackle climate change. That is why I am glad that within Thai Rice NAMA, we are joining up to reduce GHG emissions in rice farming and encourage local farmers to pick up low-emission rice production methods that help to boost not only environmentally friendly practices, but also better productivity for increased income.” Ambassador Schmidt added. 

Suriyan Vichitlekarn, Deputy Cluster Coordinator for Agriculture and Food at GIZ said: “Applying low-carbon farming techniques such as the laser land leveling, alternate wetting and drying, site specific nutrient management and straw and stubble management does not only reduce investment cost, but also enhance opportunities for the local farmers in the global markets”.

The multi-donor Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) facility board approved the project in July 2018 with joint efforts of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives with its partnering government agencies and private sector. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, the German federal enterprise supporting sustainable development worldwide, is acting as a NAMA support organisation.

The NAMA Facility provided financial support totaling about 530 million baht (14.9 million euros) to make the project happen.

Thai Rice NAMA Project will remain in effect until 2023.

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