Malaysia faces challenges as it reduces working hours


Productivity will not be affected despite the reduction in working hours that will be enforced from next month, Malaysian labour unions claim.

“It will benefit the workers for sure as they can avoid being overworked,” said Malaysian Trades Union Congress (MTUC) president Effendy Abdul Ghani.

“The reduction also means they have more time to rest and generally improve their condition,” he said, adding that this would enhance the quality of their work.

He refuted claims that a company’s output would be less with the reduction in working hours, and cited Singapore as an example.

“Singapore is a great example. Despite having only a 44-hour work week, it has proven itself as an economic powerhouse not only in the region but also internationally.

“Therefore, MTUC supports reducing the working hours to safeguard the welfare of Malaysian workers,” he said when contacted.

The government has announced amendments to the Employment Act, which will see weekly working hours reduced from 48 to 45 hours, with effect from September 1.

MTUC called on the public to report companies that do not comply with the new rule to the Labour Department or the Human Resources Ministry.

“The companies have been made aware of the reduction of working hours, so there should not be any issue about implementing it,” said Effendy.

National Union of Transport Equipment & Allied Industries Workers general secretary N Gopal Kishnam said the move was commendable and long overdue, as other countries had already reduced their working hours.

However, he said there were concerns that employers could push for working hours above what was stipulated by dangling the carrot of overtime.

Malaysian Employers Federation president Syed Hussain Syed Husman said the new regulation would affect companies that operate round-the-clock.

These included those in the manufacturing and services sectors such as hotels and resorts that run their business on a continuous basis, he added.

Syed Hussain said the current shift cycle was possible as the maximum hours of work were 48 hours per week.

“With the reduction to 45 hours per week, it is no longer possible to run fully per week without incurring overtime (OT) payment.

“Employers will incur the extra cost of at least three hours of OT if they run their operations for 48 hours work per week as per their current operational requirements.

“If employers are not willing to incur the cost of at least three hours of OT per week, or if they do not have the financial capacity to absorb the cost, they need to reduce [their business hours] to 45 hours,” he said.

He added that the implementation of the new rule must be done smoothly by having discussions between workers and employers.

He also suggested that companies embrace new technology to modernise their operations to reduce the impact of the new rule.

Malaysian Human Resources Association president Zarina Ismail concurred, saying employers should adopt automation to maintain their productivity.

“Employers should be ready to move into IR4.0 [the Fourth Industrial Revolution] … to deal with the lack of workers if reduced working hours may affect their companies’ output,” she said.

While the reduction of working hours would benefit the workers, she said certain sectors were bound to set daily targets, so planning was necessary.


“Businesses are still recovering from the pandemic and it is important for them to have proper financial planning and at the same time comply with the newly amended law,” added Zarina.

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Malaysia faces challenges as it reduces working hours