In a show of defiance, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said she had consulted with House leaders, the Pentagon, the Justice Department and Vice President Mike Pence before concluding that Congress should move ahead with the ceremony interrupted earlier in the day by rioters provoked to action by Trump at a morning rally.
"Today, a shameful assault was made on our democracy. It was anointed at the highest level of government. It cannot, however, deter us from our responsibility to validate the election of Joe Biden," wrote Pelosi, D-Calif.
As lawmakers returned to work following the riot, the tone of the debate turned more somber and impassioned than before the interruption, with a number of Republicans who had planned to slow the proceedings with objections announcing they would stand aside.
"To those who wreaked havoc in our Capitol today, you did not win. Violence never wins. Freedom wins. This is still the people's house," Pence said as he formally reopened the Senate.
Sen. Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said the rioters had tried to disrupt democracy. "They failed," he said.
Sen. Mitt Romney, R-Utah, earned sustained applause from his colleagues for a thundering speech in which he said elected leaders should show respect for voters by telling them the truth, not fueling groundless doubts about the election.
"We gather due to a selfish man's injured pride and the outrage of supporters who he has deliberately misinformed for the past two months and stirred to action this very morning," Romney said. "What happened here today was an insurrection incited by the president of the United States."
Both chambers picked up where they had left off before the evacuation, considering a challenge to Biden's 11 electoral votes in Arizona. The Senate rejected the challenge by 92 to 7 and the House by 303 to 121.
House members also objected when Pence read the tallies from Georgia, Michigan and Nevada, but those challenges died when no senators joined them.
After midnight, however, a challenge to Pennsylvania's count, joined by Sen. Josh Hawley, R-Mo., prompted the two chambers to begin a debate on that state's electoral vote. The challenge, like Arizona's, was expected to fail.
Lawmakers planned to work through the night for as long as it took to dispose of the dissents.
Earlier in the day, the ceremonial reading of the electoral votes had just begun when pro-Trump rioters rushed the building at around 2 p.m., forcing the evacuation of both chambers of Congress. For hours, rioters rampaged through the Capitol complex. One woman was fatally shot in the building.
Only after the District of Columbia National Guard had been activated and political leaders in both parties condemned the rioting and appealed for calm did authorities declare the Capitol was secure.
The day had always been expected to be a historic test of the democratic system, with dozens of Republicans attempting for the first time to use Congress's previously ceremonial role to try to overturn the results of a popular vote. The process was already underway when Jon Ossoff was declared the winner of one of two Senate runoffs in Georgia, handing control of the upper chamber to the Democrats for the next two years.
Still, the outcome of the congressional proceedings had been clear from the start, particularly after Pence announced he would reject pleas from the president to use his role as the session's presiding officer to hand a win to Trump.
McConnell, who also had said little publicly about the process before Wednesday, likewise delivered a stirring opening floor speech imploring his colleagues not to damage democracy by objecting to the votes.
"Voters, the courts, and the states have all spoken - they've all spoken. If we overrule them, it would damage our republic forever," he said.
The tense day turned to chaos when pro-Trump rioters, stirred up at a rally where the president called for them to march on the Capitol, stormed the building and caused the proceedings to be halted for hours.
The violence shocked leaders in both parties. While lawmakers huddled in an undisclosed location during the siege, Republican leaders pressed their members to abandon their plans to challenge the electoral vote. Several senators said they would no longer object, notably Sen. Kelly Loeffler, R-Ga., who had embraced the challenge as part of the hard-fought Senate election she lost Tuesday. "The events that have transpired today have forced me to reconsider," she said.
Democrats and some outside groups began calling Wednesday for Trump to be either quickly impeached by Congress or removed from office via the 25th Amendment to the Constitution, which guides the handling of an incapacitated president, in an effort to lessen his ability to incite more violence.
Several hours after his supporters had broken into the Capitol, Trump tweeted and released a video calling on them to respect law enforcement. But he also repeated lies about the election being stolen from him.
Late in the day, he tweeted that "these are the things and events that happen when a sacred landslide election victory is so unceremoniously & viciously stripped away from great patriots." The tweet was quickly removed by Twitter, which also for the first time announced that Trump's account would be locked until he deleted the tweet and then for 12 hours. Facebook and Instagram quickly said they also would lock Trump out of their platforms for 24 hours.
The congressional process was supposed to be a mere procedural checkpoint on the way to Biden's oath-taking later this month. Biden won the popular vote on Nov. 3 and, last month, the electoral college met in each state capital, as stipulated in the U.S. Constitution. Biden won 306 electoral votes to Trump's 232.
All that was left before the inauguration later this month was for a joint session of Congress to gather Wednesday and read those votes aloud.
According to an 1887 law that governs the process, any member of the House of Representatives, joined by a senator, can object to an individual state's electoral tally, prompting a two-hour debate, followed by a vote in each chamber. A majority of both the House and Senate would have had to back a challenge for any to prevail, and Trump's supporters did not have the votes.
Dozens of Republicans in the House, joined by 13 GOP Senators, had said they intended to object to slates of electors from several swing states that had backed Biden. They cited as their reason baseless allegations of fraud fanned by Trump, and the resulting belief among many Republicans that the election was compromised.
For days leading up to Wednesday, Trump had also pressed Pence, whom the Constitution requires to preside over the ceremony, to refuse to recognize electoral college slates from swing states that backed Biden.
Shortly before he took the gavel, however, Pence released a three-page letter he had written to members of Congress, rejecting Trump's pleas.
"It is my considered judgment that my oath to support and defend the Constitution constrains me from claiming unilateral authority to determine which electoral votes should be counted and which should not," he wrote.
A senior administration official, speaking on the condition of anonymity to describe private conversations, said Pence's decision caused Trump to rage all afternoon even as the crowds were breaking into the Capitol, telling aides that Pence had betrayed him. Pence said he would merely preside over the reading of tallies that had been forwarded by the states. And then he opened the session, beginning alphabetically with the reading of votes from Alabama and Alaska, both of which backed Trump.
When Biden's votes from Arizona were read aloud, Rep. Paul Gosar, R-Ariz., joined Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, to object.
At that point, the House and Senate retreated to their respective chambers to debate the challenge, with Pence presiding over the Senate and Pelosi overseeing the House.
For nearly 30 minutes, the process ran largely as expected. McConnell pleaded for Republicans not to heed Trump's call to object to the results.
"If this election were overturned by mere allegations from the losing side, our democracy would enter a death spiral," he said, calling the vote the most important in his 36 years in the Senate.
Cruz insisted he was seeking only a 10-day audit of the results and not necessarily to overturn the election.
His remarks ignored that more than 90 state and federal judges, including jurists appointed by both Democrats and Republicans, have considered and rejected claims of fraud or other irregularities since the election.
But before debate in either chamber could get truly rolling, protesters - who had been attending a rally where Trump spoke and urged them to march on the Capitol - broke into the building and stormed the chambers, causing both the House and Senate to recess. As chaos erupted and Pence and Pelosi were hustled to secure locations, Republican Sens. Ben Sasse of Nebraska and Mike Rounds of South Dakota helped the parliamentarians grab the election certificates and take them to the secure location.
Constitutional experts said nothing in the law prevented Congress from picking up the ceremony where it left off. Even if for some reason it was unable to complete that process by Jan. 20, the Constitution is clear: The president's term ends at noon that day.
"The idea that individuals were allowed to derail one of our most solemn sacred constitutional processes is horrifying. But this is only going to delay for a bit the completion of the process," said Rick Pildes, a constitutional law professor at New York University School of Law.
If for some reason Congress were not able to confirm the electoral college vote between now and Inauguration Day, Pelosi would become acting president.
"What we absolutely know is that at noon on Jan. 20, the current term of both President Trump and Vice President Pence end," said Edward Foley, a law professor at Ohio State University.
Published : January 07, 2021
By : The Washington Post · Rosalind S. Helderman, Karoun Demirjian, Seung Min Kim, Josh Dawsey