Tuesday, September 21, 2021

international

Israel approves cease-fire to end 11-day battle with Hamas


JERUSALEM - Israels security cabinet voted Thursday night to approve a cease-fire in its 11-day aerial battle with Hamas in the Gaza Strip, according to the office of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

The cabinet, made up of top security officials and ministers, voted unanimously "to accept the Egyptian initiative for a bilateral cease-fire without any conditions, which will take effect later," according to a statement.

Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, has also agreed with the Egyptian proposal. Taher al-Nounou, a media adviser to the head of the Hamas political bureau, said, "We were informed by our brothers in Egypt that an agreement had been reached for a mutual and simultaneous cease-fire in the Gaza Strip, starting at 2 a.m. on Friday, May 21, 2021. And that the Palestinian resistance will abide by this agreement as long as the occupation is committed."

The statement from Netanyahu's office also stressed, that "reality on the ground that will determine the future of the operation."

The two sides continued to launch rockets and airstrikes against each other even as the agreement was announced. The battle has killed 232 Gazans, including at least 65 children, and 12 in Israel, two of them children.

Israel and Hamas have agreed to an Egyptian cease-fire initiative after 11 days of combat.

Hamas officials say that fighting will end at 2 a.m. local time on Friday.

The Palestinian death toll in Gaza rose to 232, including at least 65 children, local health officials said Wednesday. In the West Bank, at least 21 Palestinians have been killed since Friday, officials there said.

The death toll in Israel stood at 12, including two children, after police said two Thai workers were killed Tuesday by rockets fired from Gaza.

Osama Hamdan, Hamas' top official in Lebanon, said the militant group had won concessions from Israel on several contentious points. It said these include Israel's interference at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem and in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah, where Israeli settlers have been seeking to evict several Palestinian families. These were two flash points that triggered the military escalation earlier this month.

"We obtained guarantees regarding lifting the hand of the occupation from Sheikh Jarrah and the mosque," he said in an interview on Hezbollah's television channel.

But Israeli officials said the cease-fire agreement called only for the immediate halt to military operations. The security cabinet statement emphasized that the deal entailed a "mutual and unconditional ceasefire." Members of the cabinet speaking later to Israeli media said no concessions had been made on Jerusalem.

The Israel Defense Forces said their campaign had largely achieved the goal of sharply degrading Hamas' capability, saying that more than 200 hours of bombardment had killed numerous militant commanders and destroyed much of their military infrastructure.

"I'd like to commend our security forces and the IDF, led by the chief of staff, who have, over the past 11 days, reached military achievements unprecedented in their scale, precision and strategic significance for the struggle with terrorist organizations in Gaza," Defense Minster Benny Gantz said in a statement.

Efforts to broker a cease-fire between Israel and Hamas had stepped into high gear earlier on Thursday as hostilities neared a 12th day, with Egyptian and U.N. mediators furiously working to find a resolution acceptable to both sides. The Egyptian government will now send security delegations to Israel and the Palestinian territories, to follow up on implementation and secure agreement on other measures to maintain stability.

Speaking at the White House, Biden commended Netanyahu for deciding to end the military campaign. "These hostilities have resulted in the tragic deaths of so many civilians, including children, and I send my sincere condolences to all the families, Israeli and Palestinian, who have lost loved ones," Biden said.

The president repeated his support for Israel's right to defend itself against Hamas attacks said the United States would help Israel replenish its missile defense system, which military officials say had intercepted most of the rockets fired across the border. Biden added, "I believe the Palestinians and Israelis equally deserve to live safely and securely and enjoy equal measures of freedom, prosperity and democracy."

On Wednesday, in the most assertive language used publicly by the White House since the fighting began, Biden had told Netanyahu he "expected a significant de-escalation today on the path to a cease-fire."

Biden's intervention was a sharp departure from what Netanyahu experienced during four years of the Trump presidency, and sources inside the prime minister's circle told Israeli media that Netanyahu was taken aback. He found himself caught between pressure to accommodate Israel's most important ally and the need not to appear weak before his right-wing base.

"To Israeli ears, a cease-fire means a kind of Hamas victory, where they get the amalgamated West Bank, Gaza and Arab Palestinian political victory, and also got to fire 4,000 rockets at us," said Michael Oren, a former Israeli ambassador to Washington. "For many Israelis this time, they're increasingly telling themselves: once we've started, we might as well keep going to the end."

Netanyahu was days, perhaps hours, away from being ousted from Israel's top job last week when the fighting began. A coalition of opposition parties were reportedly close to announcing they had secured a bare majority of parliamentary votes to form a new government when Hamas fired missiles at Jerusalem. The escalation has derailed that effort, opening the door for Israel's fifth election in two years. Political observers say Netanyahu needs a decisive military victory to improve his odds at the ballot box.

Netanyahu publicly resisted Biden's entreaty at first, releasing a video message that made no mention of a cease-fire. "I especially appreciate the support of U.S. President Biden, for the right of self-defense for the state of Israel," he said, adding that the operation would "continue until its goal is achieved - to restore peace and security to you, citizens of Israel."

The American pressure may have played to the prime minister's benefit. Chuck Freilich, a former Israeli deputy national security adviser, said that Netanyahu has for years leveraged U.S. criticism of Israeli actions toward Palestinians in political talking points for his right-wing supporters.

"Netanyahu needs to do whatever he can to rally his base, to show that he's the only one to stand up to the world, and standing up to international pressure is always popular," said Freilich.

After enduring 11 days of air and artillery strikes, Gaza has seen its infrastructure devastated, including damaged electricity and water systems, according to aid agencies, which have warned of a burgeoning humanitarian crisis. Israel has kept checkpoints into Gaza closed throughout most of the conflict. Trucks carrying medical supplied and relief workers were turned back in recent days.

An electrical workers union in Israel said Thursday that its members would refuse to carry out repairs on power lines heading into Gaza in protest Hamas' refusal to return a civilian and the bodies of two Israeli soldiers believed to have been held in the enclave since 2014.

Even as the diplomacy accelerated on Thursday, military activity continued. Large explosions rocked Gaza, lighting up the predawn sky and drowning out the morning calls to prayer, according to local television footage. Witnesses in Gaza said Israeli tanks shelled targets near Khan Younis, the enclave's second-largest city. Video on social media showed a three-story building in the Jabaliya refugee camp exploding in a fireball Thursday morning. The family had been warned to evacuate, witnesses said.

The Israeli military said it had struck a number of Hamas military targets, including a weapons manufacturing facility, underground rocket launchers and "a weapons storage unit located inside the residence of the former Minister of Justice and Released Prisoners who previously served as a member of the Hamas Political Bureau."

A Hamas spokesman acknowledged that several of its leaders' homes were hit, but denied that the residences also served to store weapons.

"Homes of many Hamas members and leaders were targeted and destroyed, but Israeli claims that they were weapons caches were raised just to justify targeting civilian and residential facilities," the spokesman said in response to a query on the group's media WhatsApp account. "Israeli army has to provide evidence to its claims, and we are sure it will never find this evidence because we know very well where we keep our stockpiles and where we launch our rockets."

 

Both Hamas and Islamic Jihad, meantime, said they carried out multiple mortar attacks across the border. Residents of the Israeli communities of Netiv Haasara and Nahal Oz, near the Gaza border, were told to stay inside during what civilians on both sides hoped would be the final hours of fighting.

Published : May 21, 2021

By : The Washington Post · Steve Hendrix, Loveday Morris, Shira Rubin, Michael E. Miller