Trump lost a bid to quash a subpoena from state Attorney General Letitia James and then failed to produce all the documents by a court-ordered March 3 deadline, later extended to March 31 at his lawyers' request.
Justice Arthur Engoron ruled that a contempt finding was appropriate because of what the judge called "repeated failures" to hand over materials and because it was not clear Trump had conducted a complete search for responsive documents.
"Mr Trump ... I know you take your business seriously, and I take mine seriously. I hereby hold you in civil contempt," the judge said, although Trump himself was not in the courtroom.
Trump intends to appeal the contempt ruling, said his attorney Alina Habba. "We respectfully disagree with the court's decision," Habba said in a statement.
Habba said at the hearing that James’ investigation was a "fishing expedition" and that the Trump Organization was "right on schedule" with its production of documents.
"This is a political crusade," Habba said. "The attorney general’s investigation has seemingly become aimless."
James is investigating whether the Trump Organization, the former president's New York City-based family company, misstated the values of its real estate properties to obtain favourable loans and tax deductions.
She has said the more than three-year-old probe found "significant evidence" that the company included misleading asset valuations in its financial statements for more than a decade.
"Today's ruling makes clear: No one is above the law," James said in a statement on Monday.
Trump, a Republican, denies wrongdoing and has called the investigation politically motivated. James is a Democrat.
The attorney general has questioned how the Trump Organization valued the Trump brand, as well as properties including golf clubs in New York and Scotland and Trump's penthouse apartment in Midtown Manhattan's Trump Tower.
Also on Monday, Engoron granted a motion by James' office to compel real estate firm, Cushman & Wakefield, to comply with certain subpoenas. Cushman conducted appraisals for several Trump Organization properties.
Trump and two of his adult children, Ivanka and Donald Jr., also were subpoenaed and ordered to provide testimony to the attorney general. An appeal is pending for the testimony.
Andrew Amer, special litigation counsel with the attorney general's office, said during the hearing that the $10,000-a-day fine was meant to coerce Trump into complying with the subpoena, not punish him.
Habba told the judge that Trump did indeed comply with the subpoena, but that he did not have any documents responsive to James' request. Engoron said she would have to submit a detailed affidavit about her search of Trump's records to comply with the subpoena.
"Subpoenas are not optional," said Daniel R. Alonso, a partner in the New York office of Buckley LLP. "Court orders are not optional. People comply with them every single day. It is very unusual for somebody to just sort of say, 'Look, I'm just not going to comply with this,' or to just keep arguing even after they've been ordered and the government, in this case, the attorney general, just got fed up. So he's got to comply. Everyone else has to do it. There's no loophole for former presidents."
The Trump Organization's property valuations are also the subject of a criminal probe in Manhattan, which last year led to the indictment of the company's chief financial officer.
Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg said this month that the probe is ongoing despite the departure of its two top lawyers.
Published : April 26, 2022