By AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE
Almost all of the cars on Myanmar’s road are second-hand, 90 per cent of them from Japan, even though the two nations drive on different sides of the road.
Used-car imports surged after the government liberalised restrictions in 2012, the year after breaking from half a century of isolationist military rule.
But until recently, Western trade sanctions blocked imports of left-hand-drive cars from Europe and the United States, forcing motorists to turn to Japanese vehicles.
As a result, horn-beeping drivers routinely veer into the centre of the road to gauge whether it is safe to overtake and buses unload passengers into the middle of busy streets.
But that is set to change after the government banned imports of right-hand-drive cars starting this month.
The move aims to boost local manufacturing and attract much-needed foreign investment, top priorities for Myanmar’s newly elected government.
Foreign automakers are now eyeing the largely untapped market of some 55 million consumers as a potential bright spot at a time of lacklustre sales in Southeast Asia.
Only seven out of 1,000 people own cars in Myanmar, compared with 200 in neighbouring Thailand, said Nissan regional senior vice president Yutaka Sanada.
“Out of the Asean countries, Myanmar, in terms of the o|pportunity, is bigger than ourneighbours,” he said on Wednesday at the launch of the Japanese giant’s first locally manufactured car.
Ang Bon Beng, senior regional director of Indochina at Nissan’s partner Tan Chong Group, predicted sales would grow by 5-10 per cent annually for the next few years.
“If you look at the current market of Myanmar, 95 per cent are used cars,” he said. “But this country has decided it wants to liberalise.”
Myanmar has been the top market for Japanese second-hand car exports for the past three years, according to the Japan External Trade Organisation.
Safety campaigners say the ban on imports of used right-hand-drive cars will save lives and mean rickety old bangers are taken off the streets.
Others hope it will ease the daily gridlock that chokes the streets of the commercial capital Yangon, home to most of the country’s cars.
But many locals complain the ban has simply driven up the cost of second-hand cars and they cannot afford to buy new.
Prices have risen by 20-30 per cent since it was announced in November and Soe Tun, chairman of industry body MAMDA, said they could double this year.
“If I’m buying a car, I want to buy a car imported from Japan like Toyota and Nissan,” said rice-shop owner Soe Nyut Aung.
“I have a limited budget and second-hand cars are cheap.”